Dr. Cavid Cabbarzade
HB Guven Clinic, Ataturk avenue 3078
+994 (50) 444-88-11

© 2015-2020 Dr. Cavid Cabbarzade

Nose bleeding, regardless of age and gender, is found both in adults and in children. There may be light and heavy bleeding. As medical, it is classified under 2 different titles:

The front nose bleeding - most bleeding, can be seen as one-sided as a result of subtle damage to blood vessels in the middle section of the nose partition. As the veins in this part are located superficially, it can be damaged even during cleaning the nose and touching with the nail. These bleedings flow outward from the nose. It is mostly found in children and adolescents.

Back nose bleeding – is found in the people with middle and upper age group particularly in individuals with high blood pressure. It can flow both towards front and back, from front side, or pharynx, mouth and throat.

How it is possible to distinguish the bleeding?

The front nose bleeding occurs in more arid climates and as a result of the drying of the mucous membranes of the nose during the winter months. To avoid this, softening cream with a small amount are put on inside, especially into the middle part of the nose with the tip of your finger. When you pressure on the nose wings with finger, the bleeding stops in most cases. Back nose bleeding, is mainly observed in the elderly and those with high blood pressure. As it comes from the back side, the bleeding does not stop when you pressure with the finger. If there is blacking in the eyes, deterioration of the overall situation, a sharp fall in blood pressure, pulse accelerate then the patient must be urgently delivered to the hospital.

The main causes of bleeding nose:

  • Mixing the nose (mostly in children)
  • Cleaning the nose with the power (causing rupture of blood vessels)
  • Coagulation disorders or the use of aspirin and similar drugs
  • Liver Diseases
  • High pressure
  • Curvature of nose axis
  • Trauma
  • Edemas

What to do to stop the front nose bleeding?

  • To soothe the patient, the pressure increases and bleeding are exacerbated because of the excitement.
  • To tilt the head slightly forward. When you make the head back, the blood goes back to the throat and stomach by swelling. It causes nausea and vomiting. Blood should not be kept in the mouth, it should be spitted.
  • The front part of the nose should be tightened with thumb and point fingers, then we should clean the nose with the cold water and tighten it again with the pressure.
  • You should sit upright, if lying you should keep your head above.
  • At this stage, the ice should be placed in the nose and cheeks.

When the doctor should be consulted?

  • Recurring bleeding nose
  • When the body bruises
  • The use of aspirin or other blood thinners
  • If there are liver and kidney diseases, giving blood coagulation disorders
  • If we tighten the nose, but the bleeding still persists during 10 minutes
  • If bleeding is repeated after a short time
  • If you have nausea, weakness
  • If there are symptoms such as temperature more than 38 degrees, or other symptoms such as redness.


If the bleeding does not stop in front nose bleeding, it is seazed by placing a pad or coagulating vessels with little interference. If the bleeding has stopped, then softening creams or ointments are put on into the nose after the removal of the pad. The cream is continued for several days. Physiological drops and sprays are also used for hydration. If the bleeding is repeated, the patient should be definitely examined by otolaryngologist. The bleeding is examined through the endoscope and the vessel causing the bleeding is examined properly.

What to do to prevent the recurrence of nose bleeding?

  • The nose should be cleaned with salty sprays
  • The nose should not be mixed
  • Avoid active actions
  • The head should be higher than the level of heart.
  • The room should be moistened.
  • Warm and irritant foods should not be taken.
  • Dont take a shower with hot water
  • Dont use aspirin or other blood thinners.